• JD_course_elective

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  • J.D Elective Courses

    ELECTIVES

    The Ateneo Law School offers the following elective courses for the J.D. Program:

    Admiralty

    The course covers the history or the genesis of the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, up to the advent of the contentious Hague Rules of 1924, Hague Visby Rules of 1968 and Hamburg Rules of 1978, including aspects of bills of lading, charter parties, collision, salvage, towage, pilotage, and the Ship Mortgage Act. (2 units)

    Advanced Taxation

    A seminar designed for students who are seriously considering tax practice. It examines the procedural requirements of the Internal Revenue Code. This includes a detailed look at the audit process from the examination of a return, and ending with a consideration of the questions surrounding the choice of a forum when litigation is appropriate. It also exposes students to some of the intellectual rigors of a high level tax practice. (Prerequisites: Taxation I, Recommended: Taxation II) (2 units)

    Agrarian Law and Social Legislation

    A study of Presidential Decree No. 27, the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program and related laws and regulations, and the Social Security Act and the Government Service Insurance Act. (2 units)

    Appellate Practice and Brief Making

    The course is designed to provide students with the skills necessary to successfully litigate appeals before the Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. Emphasis will be placed on practical training including appellate procedure, oral and written presentation and methodology. Brief writing and other aspects of modern appellate practice are also covered. (2 units)

    Arbitration Laws

    A study of the Philippine laws on Arbitration, the ICC Rules on Arbitration, the Conventions on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, and the settlement of investment disputes between states and nationals of other states. (2 units)

    Banking Law I (General Banking)

    The course covers the study of the rules and regulations governing banks and non-bank financial intermediaries, including the New Central Bank Act, the General Banking Law of 2000, and Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas circulars, rules and regulations. (2 units)

    Banking Laws II (Investment Banking)

    A study of the Finance Company Act, the Investment House Law and the Investment Company Act, and related Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and Securities and Exchange Commission regulations. (1 unit)

    Canon Law on Marriage

    The course is divided into two unequal parts. The first and shorter part introduces the judicial structure of marriage in the Code of Canon Law: consent as the one necessary efficient cause, the impediments to marriage, possible defects of consent. The second part will focus on the two most common grounds of nullity of marriage at the present time: lack of due discretion and incapacity to assume the essential obligations of marriage — the grounds that are summarized in Art. 36 of the Family Code as “psychological incapacity”. Part of the matter to be studied will be the jurisprudence of church tribunals on what constitute psychological incapacity such as gross immaturity, personality disorders, psychosis, homosexuality, alcoholism, substance abuse and addiction, as they affect the validity of marriage. (2 units)

    Children’s Rights Law

    This elective course aims to introduce the students to the legal framework of protection for children and the psycho-social dimensions of handling children’s rights cases. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is used to provide the background on an international level. The course is divided further into specific clusters of rights of children in relation to Philippine laws, issuances, rules of court and jurisprudence. In each cluster the legal and psycho-social issues affecting certain groups of children (sexually and physically abused children in conflict with the law, child laborers, children in situations of armed conflict, trafficked children, displaced and refugee children, indigenous children, etc…) are discussed in order to understand in a holistic manner the plight of children within the legal system. The methods used in teaching the course include lectures, workshop exercises and mock trial. Students will also be exposed to actual case handling in coordination with the ALS Legal Services Center and the Human Rights Center. (2 units)

    Clinical Legal Education I and II

    Supervised student practice under Rule 135-A of the Rules of Court including conference with clients, preparation of pleadings and motions, appearance in court, handling of trial, preparation of memorandum. The course will include the use of video equipments and computers to enhance training in direct and cross-examination techniques. (4 units)

    Collective Bargaining and Alternative Dispute Resolutions

    An introduction to the collective bargaining process, negotiations, mediation, and arbitration as experienced in both the private and government sectors, with emphasis on practice. (2 units)

    Consumer Protection Laws

    A general overview of the pertinent provisions of the Civil Code on Human Relations as applicable to consumer protection; a backgrounder on the law on torts as pertinent to civil liability in consumer protection and product liability cases; and a study of the following special legislations: Rent Control Law, Price Control Law, Truth in Lending Act, Generic Drugs Act, Food Drugs and Cosmetics Act, Laws on Fraudulent Advertising, Mislabelling or Misbranding, Price Tag Law, Business Name Law and the Bulk Sales Law; and a study of the Code of Ethics, Rules and Regulations for Advertising and Sales Promotions, and the Rules and Regulations Governing the Conduct and Promotion of Sales of Goods and Services. (2 units)

    Corporate Finance

    The course focuses on the nature of the legal relationships created by corporate finance transactions. Legal aspects of the various methods of financing a corporation will be examined. Subjects covered will include: (a) capital formation, (b) debt security and preferred stock contracts, (c) convertibles, (d) corporate distributions, and (e) acquisitions. (Prerequisite: Corporation Law) (2 units)

    Corporate Governance

    The course treats of the body of policies, doctrines, statutory provisions, and rules and regulations pertaining to Corporate Governance as they apply to public companies, including banking institutions. The course is taught in three modules, using a combination of conceptual learning and practical application, including a study of the relevant provisions of the Corporation Code and Securities Regulation Code, and supporting rules and regulations issued relevant to corporate governance, with comparison to international best-practice standards and various approaches employed in other jurisdictions. With the use of case studies and examples, the course will review the philsophical bases under which principals of corporate governance are rooted and the principles involved, an understanding of the hierarchical interests of the various stakeholders whose interests promoted under corporate governance principles, and delineating the fiduciary duties, obligations and responsibilities of directors and officers of the corporation under corporate governance principles. The course will also relate corporate governance principles with corporate social responsibilities. (2 units)

    Corporate Practice

    A special elective course designed for students who intend to specialize in corporate practice after graduation and admission to the bar. The course seeks to give the students a practical approach to the study of corporations and to apply Corporation Law rules and principles to actual practice and procedure in corporate organizations and reorganizations. It includes a study of the steps and procedure for incorporation, amendment of articles and by-laws, increase or decrease of capital stock, mergers, consolidations, corporate buy-outs, dissolution and other methods of corporate reorganizations. It also includes a study of minutes preparation and corporate record keeping. (Prerequisite: Corporation Law) (2 units)

    Corporate Suspension of Payments, Rehabilitation and Insolvency

    The course undertakes a study of the laws, procedure and practice governing the proceedings for suspension of payments, rehabilitation and insolvency of corporate and other judicial entities, which would include provisions of the Insolvency Act (Act No. 1956), Pres. Decree No. 902-A, and Subsection 5.2 of the Securities Regulation Code which transferred jurisdiction of such proceedings from the Securities and Exchange Commission to the Regional Trial Courts; the decision of the Supreme Court covering doctrinal pronouncement relating thereto, such as those pertaining to the extent and coverage of the automatic stay, the preferences between various types of creditors, and issues relating to the cramdown of a rehabilitation plan among the creditors and stockholders. The course will also study the rules that are promulgated by the Supreme Court governing such proceedings. Throughout the course, a comparative study with provision of the Uniform Commercial Code and the Federal Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 of the United States will be undertaken. (2 units)

    Due Diligence Process in Mergers and Acquisitions

    The course provides the students with an understanding of the provisions in the Corporation Code on the requirements and procedures that must be complied with for mergers and acquisitions, and the various types of sales involving company enterprises and the implication in terms of the extent of liabilities attendant thereto. The course seeks to develop the skills of students in approximating the risks involved for the acquirer in mergers and acquisitions, by guiding them in the proper conduct of due diligence as the means to provide the acquirer a better appreciation of the financial condition of a company, providing emphasis on the fact that due diligence process is the most important exercise that can be relied upon by the seller and buyer in determining the value, as well as the potential problem that the target company is faced with. The course is divided into four main divisions: review of the provisions of the Corporation Code on mergers and acquisitions; overview of the conduct of due diligence; legal compliances; and forms and documents useful in the conduct of due diligence. (2 units)

    Environmental Law

    A study of concepts and principles affecting environmental laws, including constitutional considerations and effects of legislations relating to the environment. Specifically, the course focuses on population and human resources, food security, ecosystems resource for development, energy, industry, land use, and environmental litigation. (2 units)

    Environmental Regulations

    The course aims to analyze how environmental policies are institutionalized through laws, international conventions, local ordinances, administrative rules and regulations and even judicial declarations. It seeks to gain an understanding of how the current legal framework promotes or stifles environment policies. Given the wide-ranging impact of various environmental problems, and since environment violations and infractions cannot adequately be remedied by imprisonment, payment of damages or imposition of fines (which are traditional remedies relied upon by law), the course then seeks to develop innovative regulatory approaches to avert environmental catastrophes, consistent with protecting individual rights and consistent with economic development, amidst the question of scientific uncertainty. The course will also endeavor to show why environmental regulations and policies work, while others do not, under Philippine setting. (2 units)

    Estate Planning

    The course deals with the legal environment laws that affect the process of estate planning which has been defined as creation, conservation, and utilization of family resources to obtain the maximum support and security for the family during the lifetime and after the death of the planner. The course highlights the interplay of the pertinent rules in persons and family relations, property, succession, trusts, corporation law, insurance law, and the relevant provisions of the income tax, donor’s tax, and the estate tax in the National Internal Revenue Code. (Prerequisites: Persons and Family Relations, Property, Succession, Corporation Law and Taxation II) (1 unit)

    Gender and the Law

    The course seeks to provide students with an understanding of gender equality and non-discrimination. Feminist legal theories and international instruments relating to women’s rights will be examined and analyzed. Focus will also be given to institutions that create, maintain and perpetuate gender inequalities, in particular the legal framework and how it contributes to the institutionalization of gender differences in the light of the challenges presented by legal pluralism.Special issues and concerns of women, e.g., violence against women (VAW), sexual harassment, reproductive rights, commodification of women, sexuality, feminization of labor and migration, women in armed conflict and race and gender intersections, will be highlighted to provide illustrations of how discrimination against women occurs. Students are expected to assess the effectiveness of national legislation and propose gender-sensitive legal responses to the existing issues. (2 units)

    Government Contracts

    The course will undertake a survey of the different laws and statutes ( e. g., Constitution, Administrative Code, Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, Civil Code, E-Procurement Law, Build-Operate and Transfer Law, Executive Orders, and the Local Government Code) and jurisprudence concerning government contracts, encompassing the complete cycle of government contracts, beginning from the designation of contracting authorities, bidding, different modes of contracting, procurement, negotiation, appeals from administrative decisions, bonds and security, disputes, claims and settlements. (2 units)

    Human Rights

    The course focuses on the aspects of protecting, defending and seeking redress for violations of human rights in the Philippines.(2 units)

    Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflicts

    The course studies the rules of international law relating to the protection of non-combatant groups during armed conflicts, as to the risks to individuals or groups not taking part in the hostilities and those relating to large-scale violations of human rights. It examines the rules on resort to armed force, those that govern the conduct of operations and weapons, and the rules designed to protect the ‘victims of war’, including issues relating to refugees in the context of armed conflicts. The course will end with an examination of the means available under international law to prevent and to punish violations of the rules. At all appropriate stages of the course, the overlap with the human rights regime is taken into consideration. The emphasis throughout the course is on the practical, with examples taken from real conflict situations. Since the rules reflect not only humanitarian concerns but also political imperatives and military necessities, the course will also examine and consider how the rules could be improved. (2 units)

    Immigration Law and Procedure

    A study of the Philippine Immigration Act, immigration rules and regulations, powers and functions of the Commission on Immigration and Deportation; issuance of visas and travel documents, and travel and immigration documents; procedure for deportation; the Alien Registration Act; election and claims for Philippine Citizenship and international laws relating to Immigration. (1 unit)

    Indigenous Peoples and the Law

    An analysis of the pre-conquest of many colonial states, including the Philippines, shows the existence of customary laws practiced by native inhabitants and indigenous systems of government. Indigenous peoples continue to suffer marginalization and displacement in different parts of the world. This course introduces the student (1) in general, to the development of international protection for indigenous peoples and; (2) in particular, to the constitutional and domestic framework of protection for indigenous Filipinos. The course examines more closely international labour conventions affecting tribal populations, the draft declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples and relevant international law decisions. Considerable attention is also given to the New Indigenous People’s Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997, including the landmark decision of Cruz v. Secretary of DENR. A multi-disciplinary approach is applied in the course in order to enlighten the students about the impact of formal legal systems on the property rights and relations of indigenous peoples within their ancestral domains, including their traditional culture and practices. (2 units)

    Information Technology Laws

    The course focuses on introducing the students to a comprehensive set of legal problems that will illustrate the clash between existing legal regimes and new information technologies. An ancillary goal is to help the student become comfortable with the information retrieval and transmission capabilities of the Internet, and to allow a fruitful discussion of the IT Law by having a basic understanding of the special characteristics of the new domain. The course will cover discussions of the Electronic Commerce Law of the Philippines. (2 units)

    Intellectual Property Laws

    The course, which is divided into three (3) modules, is a study of both international and local intellectual property laws. The first module, the law on Copyright, covers copyright ownership, exploitation and infringement; and copyright issues related to emerging technologies, e.g. the Internet. The second module, the law on Trademark, covers trademarks, goodwill and infringement; domain name issues and alternative dispute resolution. The third module shall be on Patent, which includes inventions, utility models and industrial designs; issues on Internet and business method patents; and Technology Transfer Arrangements, including compulsory and voluntary licensing. (3 units)

    International Commercial Transactions

    The course focuses on the most frequent legal problems that arise from the sale of goods when the seller and the buyer are based in different countries. The course includes discussion on the legal framework underlying international sale transactions and examines the risk inherent in international trade and the means by which these can be contained. (2 units)

    International Economic Law I

    A seminar-style course that provides a general background survey of the history and development of international economic law; and the international economic institutions created during the Bretton Woods Conference (International Monetary Fund, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) and the world trade institutions of GATT 1947 and GATT 1994. The course also examines legal and other related issues resulting from the demands of developing country members within these international economic institutions; and the influence of international economic institutions on national policy-making specifically within the context of a developing country. (2 units)

    International Economic Law II

    An advanced seminar course designed to follow up on specialized topics of interest in international economic law, finance law, and international trade law. (Prerequisite: International Economic Law I) (2 units)

    International Moot Court

    The course deals with the concepts, principles and theories of public international law, with emphasis on the sources of law, basic documents and current developments and trends in international law. Particular attention is given to analysis of the current problem of the Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition, including the developing of skills in problem analysis, issue identification, case theory formulation and memorial preparation. The course places importance on writing skills and oral argument, following the prescribed standards as an interactive seminar, relying more on panel and group discussions rather than individual recitation, but will require the students to actively engage in writing exercises. (2 units)

    International Taxation

    A study of taxation of resident aliens, non-resident aliens, and foreign corporations and the tax treatment of foreign-sourced income of Filipino citizens and domestic corporations. Topics will include source-of- income rules, foreign tax credits, tax treaties, branch profits remittance tax, comparison of tax treatment of branch and subsidiary of a foreign corporation, withholding tax rules, and estate and gift tax as it affects aliens. ( Prerequisite: Taxation I, Recommended: Taxation II) (2 units)

    Investment and Incentives Law

    A study of Omnibus Investment Code of 1987, the Foreign Investment Act of 1991, the pertinent rules and regulations issued by the Board of Investments, the relevant Central Bank rules on registration of foreign investments, and tax regulations covering foreigners doing business in the Philippines. (2 units)

    Labor Law Review

    An integration of Labor Standards and Labor Relations, including a survey of jurisprudence in Labor Law. (2 units)

    Law and Economic Development

    The course undertakes to achieve two goals. First, is to examine the traditional law and economics approach to the study of law or the application of economic theory to examine the formation, structure, processes, and economic impact of law and legal institutions. Introductory discussions on the dominant schools of thought ( i.e., Chicago Law and Economics, Public Choice Theory, Institutional Law and Economics) in this field will be made to familiarize the students with the concept. Second, the course looks into the role of law, including legal and judicial institutions, in economic development of the country. It has been posited that law fosters economic development, while dysfunctions in the legal system can inhibit economic growth. This course will provide a survey of this emerging field of ‘law and development’. Special attention will be devoted to the experience of the Philippines taking into account judicial dysfunctions and Supreme Court pronouncements involving economic policies. No prior knowledge of economics is necessary for the course. (2 units)

    Law on Franchising

    The course undertakes a study of the nature and implication of business format franchising, its essential requisites and components, as well as the impact of the various provisions of the Intellectual Property Code on the terms of the franchise agreement, and analyzes the legal relationships between and among the the various parties covered by the franchised business, and with skills building on crafting effective franchise agreements that looks at the protection of the rights of the parties covered by such agreements. (1 unit)

    Law on Natural Resources

    A study of the constitutional provisions and special laws governing natural resources, their use and disposition. (1 unit)

    Law on Public Corporations

    A study of the Local Government Code and general principles governing municipal corporations: the laws affecting the creation, organization and government of provinces, cities, municipalities, municipal districts, and barangays; the scope and application of the powers of municipal corporations, including municipal ordinances, contracts, liabilities, and enterprises. (2 units)

    Law on Securities, Public Offerings and Stock Exchange Listing

    The course deals with the study of the Securities Regulations Code, the laws and regulations applicable to the debt and capital markets in the Philippines, as well as the regulations affecting publicly-listed companies. The course also requires practical exercises in the preparation of the Registration Statement and the Offering Prospectus, the contents thereof and the material information required to be disclosed. It also includes a study of the listing and trading rules and procedures of the Philippine Stock Exchange. (2 units)

    Law on Trade Unionism

    A study of the labor situation, the basis of trade unionism, including the applicable constitutional and labor provisions, the ILO Conventions and U.N. Declarations. It will trace the history of the Philippine Labor Movement and will deal with the processes and techniques in organization of workers, as well as tactics used by management to counter unionism. It also includes a study of concerted actions and strikes, as well as the political spectrum of the labor movement. (1 unit)

    Laws on Importation, Tariff and Customs

    The course shall study the procedures of importation between a Philippine buyer and a foreign seller, the various shipping terms, modes of transporting the goods including multi-modal shipping, pre-shipment inspection services of Societe Generale de Surveillance and the laws applicable to the process of the importation of goods including applicable Central Bank rules and regulations. The course will also study classification of goods for purposes of tariff, the operation of the Tariff Commission, the manner by which revenues are earned from the importation, and the sensitive role that the Bureau of Customs plays in the implementation of the Tariff and Customs Code. Finally, rules of pleading, practice and procedure for quasi-judicial cases heard before the Bureau of Customs such as seizure and detention, abandonment, forfeiture, settlement, redemption, protested valuations and assessments, application for refunds of excess-payments of duties and taxes, etc. will also be taken. (2 units)

    Lease

    A study of the Civil Code provisions on lease including the Investors Lease Act and the Rental Law. (1 unit)

    Legal Accounting

    The course is designed to teach basic principles of accounting to enable the law student to understand the principles of books used by merchants and the financial statements of business organizations. (1 unit)

    Legal Counselling

    An introduction to the art and technique of legal counselling as well as a consideration of the responsibilities of the lawyer as counselor. (1 unit)

    Local Government Finance

    The course seeks to instruct students in specialized field of local government finance, covering power of taxation and other traditional and non-traditional sources of revenues of local government units (LGUs), and the organizational structure governing fiscal administration. The course will cover relevant constitutional provisions, the Local Government Code, and other related laws, rules and regulations. (2 units)

    Media Law and Ethics

    The course focuses on the legal and regulatory framework underpinning Philippine media, the role played by media in a working democracy, and the ethical issues media practitioners are likely to encounter in the work environment. Constitutional precepts vis-à-vis freedom of speech and the press and corollary principles on prior restraint and subsequent punishment in relation to the print, movies and electronic media, right to privacy and analogous issues will be analyzed, including discussions on basic principles on the laws on libel and defamation as they specifically relate to newsgathering rights, media and electoral process, commercial speech, obscenity/indecency issues and other constitutionally unprotected speech. The course will also consider the legal and ethical ramifications on the latest trends and advancements in information technology affecting the media practitioners. (2 units)

    Modes of Discovery

    A detailed and in-depth study of the Rules of Court provisions on depositions, written interrogatories, inspection of documents, things, lands, or other properties, physical and mental examination of persons and admission by adverse party. It focuses on the practical application of the Rules of Court provisions, the methods employed, the pleadings and forms to be filed, the manner in which discovery is obtained, and the propriety of obtaining discoveries. (2 units)

    Negotiation Seminar

    The course provides students with an experience-based introduction to the theory and practice of negotiation. The course considers topics such as the nature of conflict and dispute, integrative and distributive bargaining, barriers agreement and ways to overcome such barriers, client relationships, negotiation skills such as listening, communication and persuasion, negotiation power, and the role of culture, language and gender in negotiation. The course will largely utilize simulation and role-playing exercises as well as critiques and reflections on students’ experiences. (2 units)

    Provisional Remedies

    An intensive study of provisional reliefs under Rules 57-61 of the Rules of Court, including a survey of pertinent decisions of the Supreme Court. (Prerequisite: Corporation Law) (2 units)

    Real Estate Transactions

    A course dealing with the legal and operational aspects of subdivisions and condominiums, and transfers of real estate. The objective of the course is to provide an in-depth analysis of the development process as well as some practical exposure to real estate development practice. Also examined are the effects of zoning and environmental laws and regulations on the development process. (2 units)

    Refugee Law

    Armed conflict within and between states had given rise to the problem of exodus of people of different nationalities in order to avoid varied forms of persecution. International law instruments, such as the 1951 Convention on Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, have been adopted to address this situation. The Philippines as a signatory state to these instruments had promulgated implementing measures by way of status determination procedure and employment standards in compliance with the Convention. This course aims (1) to provide the students with an overview of the history of the influx of Indo-Chinese Refugees in the ‘70s and ‘80s, including the process of screening asylum-seekers during this period; (2) to examine the existing status determination procedure under Philippine law; and, (3) to discuss the current legal issues surrounding the implementation of other provisions of the Convention. The course will utilize a Clinical Legal Education approach which will enable the students to be exposed to actual cases of refugee status determination before the Department of Justice and Naturalization proceedings. (2 units)

    Seminar on Current Issues on International Economic Law

    The course mainly covers the subject of Global Governance, divided into modules that focus on emerging forms and trends in international law-making and regulation, including issues on enforcement and dispute settlement, that impact on the international economic activities and relations of States, particularly developing countries like the Philippines. Special attention is given to changing approaches to traditional sources of international law, namely treaties, custom, and general principles of law. A central concern that the seminar addresses are the effects of those changes in forms and trends on the international legal regime as well as on substantive law that could be applied on a global basis. By discussing specific organizations in the later modules, the seminar seeks to give the students a sense of the practical realities and difficulties of global governance, but also to surface issues and lessons that are founded not in theory but in practice. ( 2 units)

    Seminar on European Business Law

    This is a two-phase course on advanced topics in international economic law, the first of which surveys the rules of the global trading system and, then, focuses on aspects thereof relating to economic integration and development, endeavoring to compare and contrast the legal framework of various levels of economic integration, as well as evaluates the current spread of regional groupings as modes of pursuing worldwide trade liberalization in ways and means different from, but complementary to, those of the World Trade Organization (WHO). It examines, incidentally, aspects of the international monetary and financial system relating to trade, and presents the alternative institutional arrangements developed in the context of European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). The second phase of the course concentrates on the European project of economic integration from the perspective of the rapidly evolving European Community Law, as an example of international legal integration in action, with similar efforts being undertaken in parallel, on comparative basis, vis-à-vis the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), the North American Free Trade Area ( NAFTA), as well as the emerging Free Trade Areas of the Americas (FTAAs). (2 units)

    Social Philosophy: Political Theory of the Law

    A study of man as a social being, including aspects of human co-existence, social structures, family, education and man’s relationship with the State. It also includes a study of social ethics, man’s rights under the law, and the problem of violence. (2 units)

    Special Civil Action

    The course studies the provisions of the Rules of Court on special civil actions, such as actions for declaratory relief, certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto, contempt, interpleader, expropriation, foreclosure of real estate mortgage, partition, and forcible entry or unlawful detainer, with reference to relevant provisions of the Civil Code and special laws. (2 units)

    Special Penal Laws

    The study includes related offenses provided in special laws, such as the Dangerous Drugs Act, the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, the law on wiretapping and related violations of privacy of communication, the Carnapping Law, the Gambling Law, and the Cattle Rustling Act. (1 unit)

    Special Problems in Business Law Practice

    The course seeks to introduce students into a multi-disciplinary approach to law in preparation for possible practice in business law, by mainly focusing on salient issues in business law practice such as human resource issues, corporate taxes, corporate record keeping and subscription sale of shares, foreign investments issues on separation of employees, and mergers/consolidations and their effects on employer-employee relationships. This multi-disciplinary approach seeks to train students in developing their skills of interrelating the various applicable laws in relation to a single set of facts or set of circumstances. (2 units)

    Street Law

    The course provides law students a unique opportunity to enrich their legal education while contributing to the education of high school students. Using the clinical method, an underlying principle of the clinic is that the best way to learn is through teaching. The broad goals of the clinical program are: to develop in law students an appreciation for the multi-faceted role and responsibilities of the lawyer in the community; to sensitize students to sources and resolutions of community legal problems. The clinical program works to achieve these goals through a program of seminar training and supervision. (2 units)

    Tax Reforms and Policies

    The course seeks to instruct students on the study of tax reforms and policies in the Philippines as key factors in meeting the fiscal and budget problems of the country. The course is divided into two modules: the first module will focus on the study of tax adminstration reform covering the following: rationale of the reform; key indicators on the reforms needed; causes of tax adminstration weaknesses; and trends in tax adminstration reforms. The second module will cover the study of tax policy reforms,principally analyzing and assessing the present tax system in the Philippines, its structure, tax rates, and types of taxes imposed, and how the system relates and impacts on tax administration. (2 units)

    Taxation Law Review

    A general integration of principles of tax laws, including income, transfer, value-added and other business taxes. It also includes a review of local and real property taxation, as well as remedies available to both taxpayer and taxpaying authorities, and the basic principles of the Tariff and Customs Code. Prerequisite: Taxation I and Taxation II. (2 units)

    Taxation of Mergers & Acquisitions

    The course is a follow-up to the Merger and Acquisition course in the first semester, and will cover the rules on taxation of sales or exchanges of property, corporate reorganizations and non-recognition transactions (i.e., tax-free exchanges, upstream and downstream mergers, consolidations and de facto mergers), practical applications of related substantive rules (i.e., effects of assumption of liabilities, requirement of bona fide business purpose, and “continuity of interest”), discussions of the related administrative requirements, and other related topics, such as “step transaction” doctrine, carry-over of tax attributes, and use of zonal value. (1 unit)

    Trial Techniques

    The course covers practical instruction in the preparation of cases and trial briefs before actual trial of cases, both civil and criminal. It includes practical suggestions on effective methods of gathering the facts of cases, the formulation of the theory of the case, search for legal authorities, construction of pleadings, interview of witness and examination of witnesses in the course of the trial, with particular emphasis on Sections 1 to 19, Rule 132 of the Rules of Court. Outstanding cases illustrating the effective and efficient utilization of procedural rules in enhancing successful litigation are analyzed in detail and, where appropriate, hypothetical cases are presented for solution by the students. (Prerequisite: Evidence) (2 units)

    THE ATENEO LAW SCHOOL RESERVES THE RIGHT NOT TO OFFER ANY OF THE FOREGOING ELECTIVE SUBJECTS, ESPECIALLY IF ENROLMENT IN THAT PARTICULAR SUBJECT IS LESS THAN 12 STUDENTS. THE LAW SCHOOL ALSO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO OFFER, FROM TIME TO TIME, OTHER ELECTIVE SUBJECTS NOT DESCRIBED ABOVE.